Saxenda® Demonstrated Improvements in BMI and Body Weight in Adolescents With Obesity
BAGSVÆRD, Denmark, March 31, 2020 /PRNewswire/ — Novo Nordisk today announced that the New England Journal of Medicine published results of a phase 3 trial evaluating the investigational use of Saxenda(®) (liraglutide 3.0 mg) in adolescents (aged 12-=30 kg/m(2), or >=27 kg/m(2) with one or more weight-related comorbidities, as an adjunct to a reduced-calorie diet and increased physical activity.(3,4)
The trial was designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Saxenda(®) in this population and achieved its primary endpoint demonstrating that Saxenda(®), compared with placebo, was superior in reducing Body Mass Index (BMI) standard deviation score (SDS) at 56 weeks with a -0.22 estimated treatment difference (ETD).(1,2) BMI-SDS is a measure of relative weight status adjusted for age and gender in children and adolescents.(2,5) The study was a post-marketing requirement of the FDA(6) and the EMA in agreement with Paediatric Investigation Plan (PIP),(7,8) both of which aim to ensure treatments are safe and effective for children and adolescents.
Over the last 20 years, the global prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents has doubled from 1 in 10 to 1 in 5.(9) However, current treatment options for this population are limited, highlighting a considerable and growing need for additional strategies.(10)
“Most adolescents with obesity are likely to have obesity as adults and are at increased risk for developing other weight-related diseases, which is why it’s so important to address weight care and support early on,” said Dr Aaron Kelly, Professor of Pediatrics and Co-Director of the Center for Pediatric Obesity Medicine at the University of Minnesota. “Today, treatment options beyond behavioural counselling are limited for adolescents with obesity. Anti-obesity medications could provide a key option as part of a personalised, complete care plan to help them lose weight and keep it off.”
In the trial, following 56 weeks of treatment, there was a difference in change in BMI (kg/m(2)) with adolescents in the Saxenda(®) arm achieving a 4.29% reduction in BMI, compared to a 0.35% increase with placebo. In addition, 43.3% of adolescents treated with Saxenda(®) had a 5%, or more, reduction in BMI at week 56 (compared to 18.7% on placebo) and 26.1% had a 10%, or more, reduction (compared to 8.1% with placebo).(1,2)
“We are encouraged by these results and the progress made to provide a treatment option for healthcare professionals caring for adolescents living with obesity,” said Mads Krogsgaard Thomsen, executive vice president and chief science officer of Novo Nordisk. “It’s vital that families affected by obesity have the tools and resources needed to address this health issue. These data add to the extensive evidence for the clinical use and value of Saxenda(®) and support Novo Nordisk’s commitment to improving the lives of people with obesity.”
There were no new safety signals identified, and no severe hypoglycaemias were reported, and adverse events were similar to those observed in adults. During the 56-week treatment period, 64.8% of adolescents on Saxenda(®) reported gastrointestinal adverse events, compared to 36.5% of those receiving placebo. Three adolescents on Saxenda(® )reported serious adverse events, versus five in the placebo group. A greater number of adolescents discontinued treatment due to adverse events with Saxenda(®) (10.4%) compared to placebo (0%), primarily related to gastrointestinal side effects.(1,2)
About the phase 3 trial (NCT02918279)
The trial was a phase 3a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial investigating the effect of Saxenda(® )(liraglutide) injection 3.0 mg compared to placebo for weight management in 251 adolescents living with obesity as an adjunct to lifestyle therapy, defined as counselling in healthy nutrition and physical activity for weight loss. The trial included a 12-week run-in of lifestyle therapy, a 56-week treatment period (including dose escalation of 4 to 8 weeks) on Saxenda(®) or placebo and a 26-week follow-up period without Saxenda(® )or placebo. All participants received lifestyle therapy beginning with the run-in period and during the 56-week treatment period and 26-week follow-up period.(1,2)
In the trial, the primary endpoint was change from baseline in BMI-SDS at week 56. BMI is a calculation of weight (kg) divided by the square of height in metres. BMI-SDS is a measure of relative BMI status that accounts for age and gender.(2,5)
Saxenda(®) (liraglutide 3.0 mg) is a once-daily glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) analogue with 97% similarity to naturally occurring human GLP-1,(4,11) a hormone that is released in response to food intake.(12) Like human GLP-1, Saxenda(®) regulates appetite by increasing feelings of fullness and satiety, while lowering feelings of hunger, thereby leading to reduced food intake.(4,11,13) As with other GLP-1 analogues, Saxenda(®) stimulates insulin secretion and lowers glucagon secretion in a glucose-dependent manner.(4,13) Saxenda(®) for use in adults with obesity was evaluated in the SCALE (Satiety and Clinical Adiposity – Liraglutide Evidence) clinical trial programme. Since launch in 2015, more than 1.5 million patients have been treated with Saxenda(®) globally.(6)
Saxenda(®) is currently indicated for chronic weight management in adults with a BMI >=30 kg/m(2), or >=27 kg/m(2) with one or more weight-related comorbidities, as an adjunct to a reduced-calorie diet and increased physical activity.(3,4)
About adolescent obesity
Obesity is a chronic disease that is influenced by multiple aspects, including physiological, psychological, genetic, environmental and socioeconomic factors.(14) 80% of adolescents who live with obesity are likely to have obesity as an adult.(15) Adolescents with obesity are also more likely to develop weight-related diseases, like diabetes and cardiovascular diseases, at a younger age.(16)( )Just like other chronic diseases, obesity requires long-term management.(17-20) The global increase in the prevalence of obesity is a public health issue that has severe cost implications to healthcare systems.(21,22) Globally over 100 million children and adolescents have obesity.(23)
About Novo Nordisk
Novo Nordisk is a leading global healthcare company, founded in 1923 and headquartered in Denmark. Our purpose is to drive change to defeat diabetes and other serious chronic diseases such as obesity and rare blood and endocrine disorders. We do so by pioneering scientific breakthroughs, expanding access to our medicines and working to prevent and ultimately cure disease. Novo Nordisk employs about 42,700 people in 80 countries and markets its products in around 170 countries. For more information, visit novonordisk.com [http://www.novonordisk.com/], Facebook [http://www.facebook.com/novonordisk], Twitter [http://www.twitter.com/novonordisk], LinkedIn [http://www.linkedin.com/company/novo-nordisk], YouTube [http://www.youtube.com/novonordisk].
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